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ʥꤢդФŤʤ뤷ޤȸ礤 Ȥʤ

2015ǯ08

the Commons

ͦʧΥϥåŦߤϡƻޤϰ̱ͳ˥ǤƤʪȤ©ŤƤޤΥեɤϡͣΥϥå׷ϤΰơȤơϤǹԤƤϤζͭΤߡ֥󥺡ʶͭϡˡפΤ褦ϰ̱ˤäѤƤޤ

ŪѤ륨ꥢꤵ褦ˤʤäƤǡϥåפ븶ˤϤޤѤΤߤ롼뤬äƤ櫓ǤϤʤ褦ǤŪʤ˸βϡΥϥåפθ֥ס񸻡פȤƤȤ館ľϰ̱ˤ³Ǥͤʤ顢äߤ򤤤餷˺˼ȤळȤΤ褦Ǥ

ǶᡢNPOˡĶ󥺤ˤϥåץ󥯥奢ʼϥåפδѻϥꥢˤαޤ

ϥåץ󥯥奢


绳ӤοŹ


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罰ʪؼԡåȡϡǥ1968ǯˡإ󥹡٤ʸThe Tragedy of the Commonsʥ󥺤ˡפȯɽˤꡢ¿ԤѤǤ붦ͭ񸻤ͤ뤳Ȥˤäƻ񸻤θϳ򾷤ƤޤȤкѳؤˤˡ§ǧΤ褦ˤʤޤͭϤȤƤФޤ

㤨С󥺡ʶͭϡˤǤϤʣ̱̱ˤҤޤ̱פκ粽ᡢ¿εҤǤ礦ʬνͭϤʤС򿩤ٿԤʤ褦ˤοĴǤ礦󥺤ǤϤϤޤ󡣼ʬ䤵ʤȤˤϡ¾Ԥ䤷ƤޤΤǡʬμʬäƤޤޤ顢̵¢䤷³ƤޤΤǤΤ褦̱󥺤ͳѤ¤ꡢ񸻤ǤϤϹӤ̤ƤƤޤޤ̡٤Ƥ̱ﳲ뤳Ȥˤʤޤ

ޤϤϹѤޤƤ̱ƱǤӤΤǤϤʤǸޤӤԤƤϤꤷޤǤ顢䶥ˤԾȤθԾ줬ץ˴ؤƤ⡢The Tragedy of the Commonsˡ§ΩĤȸޤ

ºݤThe Tragedy of the CommonsΤϡΥ󥺡ʶͭϡˤץ󥢥ξ˸¤ޤ󥺤ѼԤϡѤѤľ̤Ƥʤᡢ󥺤ѤȯޤǤ顢ȤγʳкѡˤξϡͭطԤ˽ͭ긢ͿƴƤ餦ȤǡThe Tragedy of the Commons򤹤뤳ȤǤȹͤƤޤʤExternalityˤϡкѼΤΰջ׷ʹ԰١кѳưˤ¾ηкѼΤΰջ׷˱ƶڤܤȤ¾ηкѼΤˤȤäͭƯγγʳкѡˤǤ

ʤͭϤζͭ񸻤ϰ̱˸¤äѤǤ֥롦󥺡סΤϤʤɡˤϡ̩ʰ̣Υ󥺤ǤϤʤȸޤĤͭͭϤμפϰ̱ʬۤ붦Ʊȡ󥺤Ǥ顢The Tragedy of the Commonsϵޤ


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